Monet and the Birth of Impressionism
Menu
Annotate & Collect
The nineteenth century was a time of upheavals. A wide variety of developments took place at the same time ‒ developments that also left their mark on the paintings of the Impressionists. Increasing industrialization brought about a change in the relationship between man and nature, work and leisure. Technical progress led to a general acceleration of life. The visual experience of the big city and the spread of new media such as photography had a decisive impact on the works of the artists of the period.

The main protagonist and continual point of reference is Claude Monet. Among the artists of his time, Monet played a pioneering role in the growing popularity of open-air painting. In his œuvre, the formal innovations of Impressionism ‒ the clearly recognizable brushstroke and the rapid, sketchy painting style ‒ are particularly prominent. Another phenomenon that applies to the art of the Impressionists in general: they increasingly abandoned large-scale figural compositions in favour of smaller landscape scenes.

Frankfurt’s Städel Museum is presenting a major exhibition on “Monet and the Birth of Impressionism” from 11 March to 21 June 2015. Images courtesy: Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main.
Claude Monet (1840-1926), Saint-Lazare Station, Arrival of the Normandy Train, 1877, oil on canvas, 60,3 x 80,2 cm. The Art Institute of Chicago © Mr. And Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection, The Art Institute of Chicago
Claude Monet (1840–1926) Rouen Cathedral: The Portal, Morning Effect, 1893-1894 Oil on canvas, 110 x 73 cm Fondation Beyeler, Riehen/Basel, Sammlung Beyeler Photo: Robert Bayer, Basel
Edouard Manet (1832–1883), The Universal Exhibition of Paris 1867, 1867, Oil on canvas, 108 x 196,5 cm The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design, Oslo Photo: The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design, Oslo
Claude Monet (1840–1926), Exterior of Saint-Lazare Station (The Signal), 1877, Oil on canvas, 65.5 x 82 cm. Niedersächsisches Landesmuseum Hannover Photo: Landesmuseum Hannover – ARTOTHEK
Claude Monet (1840-1926), Hôtel des Roches Noires, Trouville, 1870, oil on canvas, 81 x 58 cm. Musée d`Orsay, Paris. Photo: bpk : RMN - Grand Palais : Hervé Lewandowski © Musée d`Orsay, Paris, donation de Jacques Laroche, 1947
Claude Monet (1840-1926), The Luncheon: Decorative Panel, 1873, oil on canvas, 160 x 201 cm. Musée d`Orsay, Paris. Photo: bpk : RMN - Grand Palais : Patrice Schmidt © Musée d`Orsay, legs de Gustave Caillebotte, 1894
Claude Monet (1840-1926), The Boulevard des Capucines, 1873-1874, oil on canvas, 80,3 x 60,3 cm. The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri. Photo: Jamison Miller © The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri
Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), Woman with a Parasol in a Garden, 1875 oil on canvas, 54,5 x 65 cm. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid © Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid
Alfred Sisley (1839–1899), The Seine at Bougival in winter, 1872, Oil on canvas, 46 x 65 cm Palais des Beaux Art de Lille Photo: bpk : RMN - Grand Palais : René-Gabriel Ojéda
Camille Pissarro (1831–1903), The Rue de Gisors, Pontoise, Winter Effect, 1872 Oil on canvas, 26,8 x 40, 5 cm Privatsammlung, Courtesy David Nisinson
Camille Pissarro (1831–1903), The Quai du Pothuis, Pontoise, 1868 Oil on canvas, 52 x 81 cm Kunsthalle Mannheim Photo: Cem Yücetas
Claude Monet (1840-1926), The Chailly Road through the Forest of Fontainebleau, 1865, oil on canvas, 97 x 130,5 cm. Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen. Photo: Pernille Klemp © Ordrupgaard, Copenhagen
Claude Monet (1840-1926), Summer (Meadow at Bezons), 1874, oil on canvas, 57 x 80 cm. Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Nationalgalerie Photo: bpk / Nationalgalerie, SMB / Jörg P. Anders
Claude Monet (1840-1926), The Luncheon, 1868, oil on canvas, 231,5 x 151 cm. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main. Photo: Städel Museum – ARTOTHEK © Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Claude Monet (1840-1926), Jar of Peaches, c. 1866, oil on canvas, 55,5 x 46 cm. Galerie Neue Meister, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden © Galerie Neue Meister, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Berthe Morisot (1841–1895), Eugène Manet on the Isle of Wight, 1875 oil on canvas, 36 x 46 cm Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris Photo: Bridgeman Images
Edgar Degas (1834-1917), Orchestra Musicians, 1872, Oil on canvas, 69 x 49 cm. Photo: Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main Städel Museum – ARTOTHEK
Anonym (?), Montmartre, 1870, Albumen Print, 20,8 x 27,4 cm. The Art Institute of Chicago © Julian Levy Collection, Gift of Jean Levy and the Estate of Julien Levy, The Art Institute of Chicago
Amédée Charles Henri de Noé (1819-1879), Madame! Cela ne serait pas prudent. Retirez vous!, 1877. Published in: Le Charivari, 16. April 1877. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main. Photo: Städel Museum – ARTOTHEK © Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Amédée Charles Henri de Noé (1819-1879), M. Manet liu-même, pris d ́une crise de nerfs la vue de la peinture indépendante, 1879. Published in: Le Charivari, 27. April 1879. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main. Photo: Städel Museum – ARTOTHEK © Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main
Jules Andrieu (1838–1884), Ruins of the Paris Cummune, 1871. The Hôtel de Ville after Fire, 4th arrondissement, Paris, 1871 Albuminprint, 28,6 x 37,6 cm Paris, Musée Carnavalet Photo: Jules Andrieu / Musée Carnavalet / Roger-Viollet
Antoine Chintreuil (1814-1873), Landscape with Sunlight and Rainclouds, 1870, oil on canvas, 96 x 133,5 cm. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main. Photo: Städel Museum - ARTOTHEK. Städel Museum, Frankfurt am Main / Property of Städelscher Museums-Verein e.V.
Exhibition view "Monet and the Birth of Impressionism" at Städel Museum Photo: Städel Museum
Magazines
American Modern Paintings at Sotheby´s
Modigliani: Your real duty is to save your dream
Neighborhood
The Art of Writing. The Rebirth of the Ogatsu Inkstone
Frank Stella: Radical Abstraction
The New Social
Sony World Photography Awards
Gordon Walters: Koru
Landscape in my Mind
Contemporary Still Life
Richard Estes´ New York
Herb Aach: Color Theory
Who the f*** is Halil Altindere?
The Bean King
Diego Velázquez
Gianfranco Pardi
18 classic chairs
Enrico Castellani: Superficie
A Happy and Abundant New Year
Sigrid Sandstrom
William Glackens
Stuart Davis
Abstract
Modern Masters at Albertina
Masood Kamandy
Posters from Germany, Austria, Switzerland
Pieter Bruegel the Elder: The Speaker
Firework Drawings
The farmer continued to plough
German Pop
Cecil Touchon
Naum Gabo
Frei Otto
Sergio Mora
Wataru Yamakami
Archizoom and Andrea Branzi
Ettore Sottsass: Light and Furniture
Ettore Sottsass: Glass and Ceramics
Great Vitality
The Return of the Herd
Chair Art
Geometric Abstraction
Indolence in Art
Late Turner at the Tate
Hans Christiansen´s Jugendstil
Venice without Tourists
Pop Art 1960s
Walker Evans. A Life’s Work
The Harvesters
100 Years of Swiss Design
Baroque Co-creation: Jan Brueghel I and Rubens
Cats in Art
Dürer - Observer of Nature
Jason Martin
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: La Vie Bohème
Gustav Klimt: Landscapes
Georg Flegel: Still Life Painter
"... Cheese! We´ll go somewhere where there´s cheese!"
The World is an Apple.
Kinetic Sculptures by Alexander Calder
related projects
Black Box. A Cabinet of Robotic Curiosities
The Joys of Ice Skating
Wayne Sorce: Urban Color
Franz Kline
New Generation
Design for Disaster
Kippenberger
“I perhaps owe it to flowers that I became a painter.”
Expression/Information
German Art since 1960
Une Cité Industrielle by Tony Garnier
HOKUSAI X MANGA
Jean-Jaques Lequeu
Luigi Colani
Carreaux
Raymundo Colares
Tamara
Télémaque
Sketching: Bellini, Castiglioni, Colombo, Mari, Magistretti, Munari, Ponti, Sottsass
Impressionist Gardens
Fire Monkey New Year 2016
Radiofonografo RR126
Damien Coupeté images
German Painting after the 1960s
David Bowie is Crossing the Border.
Antonio Rubino
Guiseppe Galli da Bibiena
Hasui Kawase 川瀬 巴水
France 1661
The Slave Ship
The Sea by Emil Nolde
Forward Retreat
Faces of the 17th century
Pavel Tchelitchew: Spiral head
Fernando Botero
Sebastian Stoskopff the Painter of Vessels
Jean Arp: Randomness
Europa ‒ Where it has been & Where it is at
Heaven & Hell
Hell & Heaven
Poul Kjaerholm: PK0
Jacob Jensen
Édouard Vuillard: Turn of the Century Paris
Ben Weiner: Post-Psychedelic Dreams
Icons of American Design: George Nelson
Summer seating: Hoop chairs by Raymond Loewy, Hans J. Wegner and Franco Albini
More cats in art
Heinrich Hoerle, Franz Wilhelm Seiwert and Anton Raederscheidt