Pavel Tchelitchew (Па́вел Фёдорович Чели́щев) (1898 - 1957) was a surrealist painter, set designer and costume designer. He left Russia in 1920, lived in Berlin until 1923, and moved to Paris, where he became acquainted with Gertrude Stein and the Sitwell and Gorer families. His first U.S. show was of his drawings, along with other artists, at the newly opened Museum of Modern Art in 1930. In 1934, he moved from Paris to New York City. From 1940 to 1947, he provided illustrations for the Surrealist magazine View. He became a United States citizen in 1952 and died in Grottaferrata, Italy in 1957.