Antonio Sant´Elia: The house of concrete, glass and steel
"I COMBAT AND DESPISE: All the pseudo-architecture of the avant-garde, Austrian, Hungarian, German and American; All classical architecture, solemn, hieratic, scenographic, decorative, monumental, pretty and pleasing; The embalming, reconstruction and reproduction of ancient monuments and palaces; Perpendicular and horizontal lines, cubical and pyramidical forms that are static, solemn, aggressive and absolutely excluded from our utterly new sensibility; The use of massive, voluminous, durable, antiquated and costly materials. AND PROCLAIM: That Futurist architecture is the architecture of calculation, of audacious temerity and of simplicity; the architecture of reinforced concrete, of steel, glass, cardboard, textile fiber, and of all those substitutes for wood, stone and brick that enable us to obtain maximum elasticity and lightness; That Futurist architecture is not because of this an arid combination of practicality and usefulness, but remains art, i.e. synthesis and expression; That oblique and elliptic lines are dynamic, and by their very nature possess an emotive power a thousand times stronger than perpendiculars and horizontals, and that no integral, dynamic architecture can exist that does not include these; That decoration as an element superimposed on architecture is absurd, and that the decorative value of Futurist architecture depends solely on the use and original arrangement of raw or bare or violently colored materials; That, just as the ancients drew inspiration for their art from the elements of nature, we—who are materially and spiritually artificial—must find that inspiration in the elements of the utterly new mechanical world we have created, and of which architecture must be the most beautiful expression, the most complete synthesis, the most efficacious integration; That architecture as the art of arranging forms according to pre-established criteria is finished; That by the term architecture is meant the endeavor to harmonize the environment with Man with freedom and great audacity, that is to transform the world of things into a direct projection of the world of the spirit; From an architecture conceived in this way no formal or linear habit can grow, since the fundamental characteristics of Futurist architecture will be its impermanence and transience. Things will endure less than us. Every generation must build its own city. This constant renewal of the architectonic environment will contribute to the victory of Futurism which has already been affirmed by words-in-freedom, plastic dynamism, music without quadrature and the art of noises, and for which we fight without respite against traditionalist cowardice."
Manifesto of Futurist Architecture
Antonio Sant’Elia, 1888-1916
Good design is in all the things you notice. Great design is in all the things you don’t.
— Wim Hovens
— Wim Hovens
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