Diego Rivera was born December 13, 1886 in Guanajuato, Mexico. Rivera began drawing at the age of three, one year after the death of his twin brother Carlos. At the age of ten, he studied at the Academy of San Carlos, and at the age of 21 was sponsored by the governor of Veracruz to study art in Europe. He worked aside Posada, a Mexican artist, who influenced him greatly. While in Europe, he traveled and studied in Madrid, Paris, and Italy, and befriended many of the famous Paris artists of the time, including Amadeo Modigliani, Ilya Ehrenburg, Chaim Soutine, Max Jacob, and Moise Kisling. He witnessed the birth of cubism, led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, which he enthusiastically embraced, and was also inspired by the post-impressionism of Paul Cezanne. He found his medium in the fresco, where paint is applied to wet plaster. Its vast size allowed him to explore grand and complex themes, which would be accessible to a large audience. In Mexico, Rivera´s murals tied modern Mexican culture to its indigenous roots, revealing the ancient Indian cultures as Mexico´s true heritage. Similarly, Rivera´s Detroit Industry murals depict industry and technology as the indigenous culture of Detroit.
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